Optic Neuritis (Inflammation of the optic nerve)
Inflammation of the optic nerve (optic neuritis) is an ocular disease which most frequently occurs between 18-45 years, is more common in women and characterized by unilateral, painful loss of vision. It manifests itself in the form of an attack as a result of a compromised immune system. Color perception and brightness is also reduced in the painful eye. In nearly 1/3 of patients, edema forms in front of the optic nerve. In most cases, there is retention in the (posterior) parts of the nerve that are close to the brain.
At diagnosis stage, VEP (visually evoked potential) and OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography Scanner) are used at our clinic to examine appearance of the nerve fiber layer and computer vision area.
Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
It occurs due to accumulation of edema and blood in the optic nerve after occlusion of the capillaries supplying the nerve. It is seen frequently in patients with hypertension and diabetes. Intraocular injections can be made for treatment.
Optic Nerve Toxicity
Ethambutol (the drug used for tuberculosis treatment) and methyl alcohol toxicities (cologne, counterfeit alcoholic drinks etc.) are the most common forms. Treatment is possible if the patient presents without delay.
Hereditary Optic Neuropathy
Leber optic neuropathy is a maternally-inherited, bilateral vision loss. A drug has been launched abroad to treat this disease or improve vision.
Traumatic Optic Neuropathy
It develops following direct impact to the eye or head trauma. Early diagnosis is important in treatment.
- FFA (Angiography of the eye)
- OCT (Optic Nerve Scanning)
- VEP (Visual tracts between the brain and the eyes)