The conjunctiva is a thin, clear membrane lining the inner surfaces of the eyelids and the white part of the eyeball (sclera). Inflammation of this thin, clear membrane is called conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis makes blood vessels larger and more visible, causing the eyes to look red. It may develop in one eye or both eyes.

What are the Symptoms of Conjunctivitis?

  • Increased watering
  • Pain in the eye
  • Itching in the eye
  • Excessive eye discharge
  • Crusting of the eyelashes in the mornings


What Causes Conjunctivitis?

  • Infections (viral and bacterial)
  • Allergies
  • Environmental factors

Treatment of Conjunctivitis

Prescription eye drops can be recommended by the ophthalmologist to help minimize drainage or discomfort. Timely and accurate antibiotic treatment is important for treatment. Bacterial or viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious when there is discharge from the eyes.

Conjunctival Tumors

Their incidence is 1 in 2,500 people. The prevalence of benign tumors is 3 times higher than malignant ones. Corneal and conjunctival tumors are evaluated together since they frequently affect both tissues simultaneously. Many tumors can spread to the eyelids because of their adjacency.


  • Cysts: Clear cysts originating from the conjunctival tissue.
  • Papilloma: Papillomas are multipartite tumors associated with the human papillomavirus (virus causing warts). They can be pedunculated or sessile.
  • Conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia: Intraepithelial cancer with a cauliflower, white plaque or gelatin-like appearance.
  • Corneal carcinoma: White plaque-like raised tumors located in the limbus, the border of the cornea and conjunctiva.
  • Melanocytic nevus (mole), melanocytosis and melanomas: These can be light or dark brown with different localizations. Color darkening with age is significant.
  • Lymphoid hyperplasia and lymphomas
  • Epibulbar dermoid or dermolipoma: White, raised and dome-shaped formations in the junction of the cornea and conjunctiva. They are usually localized in the lower hemisphere.

Treatment typically requires surgical removal. To prevent recurrence after surgery, it may be necessary to administer different drugs in the area from which the tumor is removed during surgery and to use special eye drops after the operation.