There are three main methods in the treatment of glaucoma.

Drug Therapy

First, the patient's eye pressure is lowered by limiting the production of vitreous humor or increasing its discharge. There are drugs used for these two methods. These drugs are used daily at certain intervals and for a lifetime. If the patient's eye pressure cannot be lowered and their visual field is narrowing despite drug therapy, surgery is usually performed.

Surgical Treatment

In surgery, an opening is made in the white of the eye. The excess fluid inside the eye is discharged though this opening, which is too small to be noticed from the outside. Glaucoma usually disappears after surgery. Yet, this may not be possible in all patients.

Laser Treatment

In the treatment of glaucoma, laser beams are first used to treat acute glaucoma crisis and prevent the other eye from having a glaucoma crisis. Secondly, laser is applied on mesh-like discharge channels to facilitate the drainage of the aqueous humour in chronic glaucoma cases. Another use of laser in the treatment of glaucoma involves applying laser on the white region surrounding the eye's colored part. The aim is to destroy the area inside this part which produces the aqueous humour, decreasing its production.